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Theoretical and Experimental Bases of the Application of Organic Substances in the Remediation of Soils Contaminated with Heavy Metals

Project No. 18‑04‑01028
Research Project of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research
2018 - 2020



Project Leader:

Prof. Galina Koptsik
Soil Science Faculty, Moscow State University, Russia

(for addresses see below)    


Participants:



Summary:

The project is aimed at studying and developing the possibilities of using organic substances in the restoration of soils subjected to technogenic pollution. The urgency of the problem is unquestionable due to the large scale technogenic pollution and the important role of organic matter in soil formation, soil fertility and control of the behavior of pollutants in soils. The main attention will be paid to alfehumus soils of the Kola Peninsula, which for 70 years have been affected by the largest in North Europe source of atmospheric emissions of sulfur dioxide and heavy metals - the Severonikel Industrial Complex. Previous studies have been devoted to the degradation of forest ecosystems under the influence of long-term atmospheric pollution and some approaches to soil restoration, including soils under the existing infrastructure. The proposed project will assess the current state of soils in technogenic barren lands, establish the main regularities and peculiarities of their degradation under the influence of intensive technogenic load, identify the specifics, dynamics of processes and the effectiveness of soil remediation using different methods in conditions of emission reductions. Based on the systematic approach, from the point of view of the integrity of the "soil plant" system and the close interconnection of its components, taking into account the biological activity of soils, the possibilities of using organic substances of various nature in limiting the mobility, bioavailability and toxicity of heavy metals for the remediation of contaminated soils will be analyzed. The combination of theoretical analysis, field research and laboratory experiments will make it possible to critically evaluate the problems and prospects of using organic substances, including industrial humic preparations, in the remediation of technogenic soils, depending on their properties and the level of contamination.



   Background territories of the Kola Peninsula



   Technogenic barrens in the vicinity of Monchegorsk



   Field soil remediation experiments



   Publications:

Koptsik S., Koptsik G., Korotkov V., Spiers G., Beckett P. Successes in application of biotechnologies to mine land remediation in the Russian sub-arctic // Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation. Edited by M.N.V. Prasad, P.J. de Campos Favas, S.K. Maiti. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2018. P. 547‑570.

Kadulin M.S., Koptsik G.N. Influence of technogenic pollution on carbon dioxide emissions by soils in the impact zone of the Severonikel plant // Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific Conference "Chemical and Biological Pollution of Soils". Pushchino, 2018. P. 58‑61 (in Russian).

Tregubova P.N., Koptsik G.N., Korneecheva M.Yu., Stepanov A.A. The effect of exogenous organic matter on the mobility of heavy metals for the remediation of contaminated soils of the Kola Subarctic // Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific Conference "Chemical and Biological Pollution of Soils". Pushchino, 2018. P. 227‑229 (in Russian).

 
Kadulin M.S., Koptsik G.N. Carbon dioxide emission by soils as a criterion for remediation effectiveness of industrial barrens near copper-nickel plants in the Kola Subarctic // Russian Journal of Ecology. 2019. V. 50. No. 4. P. 535‑542.

Koptsik S.V., Korotkov V.N., Koptsik G.N. Remediation of technogenic barren lands in the vicinity of industrial enterprises in the Far North // Scientific Bulletin of the Arctic. 2019. No. 6. P. 51‑59 [In Russian].

Korotkov V.N., Koptsik G.N., Smirnova I.E., Koptsik S.V. Restoration of vegetation on mine lands near Monchegorsk (Murmansk region, Russia) // Russian Journal of Ecosystem Ecology. 2019. V. 4. No. 1. P. 1‑18 [In Russian].

Korotkov V.N., Koptsik G.N., Smirnova I.E., Koptsik S.V. Status of vegetation and soils on mine lands before and after remediation in the impact area of the copper-nickel plant // Actual Problems of Ecology and Nature Management: A Collection of Scientific Papers of the XX International Scientific-Practical Conference: in 2 volumes. Moscow, April 25‑27, 2019. Moscow: RUDN, 20119. V. 1. P. 432‑436 [In Russian].

Tregubova P., Koptsik G., Stepanov A. Remediation of degraded soils: effect of organic additives on soil properties and heavy metals bioavailability // IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019. V. 368. No. 012054. P. 1‑7.

Tregubova P.N., Koptsik G.N., Stepanov A.L., Stepanov A.A., Korneecheva M.Yu., Kupriianova Yu.V. Influence of humic preparations on degraded soils properties of technogenic barrens // Dokuchaev Soil Bulletin. 2019. V. 97. P. 129‑149.



Contact person

Sergey Koptsik
Senior researcher
Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University
Moscow, 119991, Russia
Tel..:
E-mail:
+7 495 939 11 45
koptsik (.at.) phys.msu.ru